What killed the bison? Research it here.
Highway 2 leads north to Oglala National Grassland, home of pronghorn, turkey, mule deer and burrowing owls.
Toadstool Geologic Park is a strange landscape within the grassland. Sediment layers deposited by ancient volcanoes have eroded at different rates, leaving sandstone formations perched on clay stems. The park has a trail, picnic and camping areas and a reconstructed sod house. Go five miles north from Crawford on Highway 2, then 10 miles northwest on Toadstool Road.
There’s more mystery here. People thought rancher Albert Meng had found sheep bones. He and friend Bill Hudson had scientists take a look. It turned out the bones belonged to more than 600 bison.
Nearly 50 years later, Hudson-Meng Education and Research Center is open to the public and the 10,000-year-old bones are still being studied.
Because of stone tools found here, many scientists believe Paleo-Indians killed the bison; others disagree. Further excavation may reveal answers or more questions. It is south of Toadstool Park. On Toadstool Road, turn on Sand Creek Road and go six miles. Open mid-May through September.
For more information about Crawford and vicinity, contact the Crawford Chamber of Commerce at 866-665-1817.